Low-temperature dynamics in non-linear Luttinger liquids

Speaker: 
Jesko Sirker
Event Date and Time: 
Thu, 2017-07-20 14:00 - 15:00
Location: 
AMPEL 311
Local Contact: 
Ian Affleck
Intended Audience: 
Graduate

We generalize nonlinear Luttinger liquid theory to describe the dynamics of one-dimensional quantum critical systems at low temperatures. Analyzing density-matrix renormalization group results for the spin autocorrelation function in the XXZ chain we provide, in particular, direct evidence for spin diffusion in sharp contrast to the exponential decay in time predicted by conventional Luttinger liquid theory. Furthermore, we discuss how the frequencies and exponents of the oscillatory contributions from the band edges are renormalized by irrelevant interactions and obtain excellent agreement between our finite temperature nonlinear Luttinger liquid theory and the numerical data.

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