Entanglement Entropy and Topological Order in Quantum Spin Liquids

Julia Wildeboer, University of Kentucky
Event Date and Time: 
Thu, 2018-02-08 14:00 - 15:00
AMPEL #311
Local Contact: 
Marcel Franz

Anderson's idea of a (short-ranged) resonating valence bond (RVB) spin liquid has been the first ever proposal
of what we now call a topologically ordered phase. Since then, a wealth of exactly solvable lattice models has been
constructed that have topologically ordered ground states.
For a long time, however, it has been difficult to realize Anderson's original vision, according to which the
ground state has an unbroken SU(2) spin rotational symmetry, and is dominated by fluctuation of singlet valence bonds.
The kagome lattice is the simplest lattice geometry for which a parent Hamiltonian stabilizing a prototypical
spin-1/2 short-ranged RVB wave function has been constructed and definitive evidence has been given that this state belongs to a topological phase.
This talk will review the construction of RVB parent Hamiltonians for the kagome, the discussion of their ground state uniqueness modulo topological degeneracies,
and the numerical evaluation of correlation functions and entanglement properties identifying the topological nature of the phase.
The latter requires circumventing the sign problem of the traditional Sutherland loop-gas method.

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