Chirality in nuclei: new achievements and perspectives

Costel Petrache (Université de Paris Sud)
Event Date and Time: 
Thu, 2018-06-21 14:00 - 15:00
TRIUMF Auditorium

The breaking of symmetries in quantum systems is one of the key issues in nuclear physics. In particular, the spontaneous symmetry breaking in rotating nuclei leads to exotic collective modes, like the wobbling and chiral motions, which are unique fingerprints of triaxiality in nuclei and have been intensively studied in recent years. We are currently involved in the study of Lanthanide nuclei, in which several bands have been identified recently and interpreted as the manifestation of a stable triaxial nuclear shape, presenting various types of collective motion, like tilted axis and principal axis rotation, wobbling and chiral motion. Chiral bands in even-even nuclei, which were taught to be unfavored energetically, unstable against 3D rotation and difficult to observe, have been instead identified very recently in 136Nd. The experimental evidence of such bands will be presented and their theoretical interpretation will be discussed. The experimental evidence of multiple chiral bands in several Lanthanides, as well as the presence of competing collective oblate rotation up to very high spins in Nd nuclei will also be discussed.

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